Kings of Israel 3 – Israel’s Division and Securing of Judah

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Kings of Israel #3

“Israel’s Division and Securing of Judah”

Key Verses:  2Ch 10:16-19 and 2Ch 11:1-12 


Because of Solomon’s disobedience in turning from the Lord, it was prophesied that the Lord would rend the kingdom of Israel and part be given to his servant Jeroboam.  These stories of the kings show us time and time again how the Lord works grace in this age where judgment is now on the house of God.  When Solomon dedicated the temple, a type and shadow of our dedication (1Co 3:16) the Lord said these words which never pass away.

2Ch 7:16  For now have I chosen and sanctified this house, that my name may be there forever: and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually. 

2Ch 7:19  But if ye turn away, and forsake my statutes and my commandments, which I have set before you, and shall go and serve other gods, and worship them; 

2Ch 7:21  And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment to everyone that passeth by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and unto this house? 

2Ch 7:22  And it shall be answered, Because they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold on other gods, and worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath he (The Lord) brought all this evil upon them. 

Both the turning away into destruction and the bringing us back via godly repentance are all the Potter’s work over His clay vessels (Psa 90:3).  The sum of the Word regarding Rehoboam shows us he was not as bad as our fist study indicated.  He was foolish, but he was also young and immature as a type of all God’s sons who are being made into a king.

Rev 1:6  And hath made (TVM G5777 – AORIST TENSE i.e. is making us) us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever.

In our spiritual youth we are making many mistakes in how we handle the Word of God we have been given to possess.  Like Rehoboam, we live in a divided nation within and without ourselves.  Our faith alone won’t save Israel.  We need works to show that faith as genuine (Jam 2:14).  We will see the Lord working on Judah and Israel in remaking all things.

Rev 21:1  And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.

The ten northern tribes of Israel represent our old earth (rebellious old man) that seeks to perfect itself apart from the righteousness by faith and obeying God and waiting on Him.  The southern kingdom Judah is a representation of the new man in type that comes forth from the implanted Word.  The two tribes that make up Judah (Judah and Benjamin) represent our witness for Christ and the doctrinal battles we fight in being matured into a king for Christ.  The gifts and calling of God are without repentance (Rom 11:29) and the Lord is faithful to His promises despite our current, past and future apostasy.  The prophesy of this division reminds us of God’s promises to David, a type of Christ, whose household signifies of the Body of Christ that is come and will be coming in every generation.

1Ki 11:36  And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light alway before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name there

Rehoboam means a people has enlargedSolomon’s son, Rehoboam (born from an Ammonite wife), was chosen to serve in his father’s stead who then doubled down on Solomon’s apostasy as we saw in our last study entitled Rehoboam’s Folly.  Adding scorpions (lies) to further chasten Israel is our seeking gain and dominion over others in our godly service.  Flesh is not naturally attracted to Christ and rejects the even heavier burden; a self-righteous Rehoboam seeks to impose upon our old man and others.

2Ch 10:14  And (Rehoboam) answered them after the advice of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add thereto: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions

As Rehoboam, at this season of maturity, we seek dominion over others having been taken captive by knowledge and power contrary to the many commandments of love and walking out the truths of Christ’s doctrine.

Mar 10:42  But Jesus called them to him, and saith unto them, Ye know that they which are accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their great ones exercise authority upon them.

Mar 10:43  Yet it shall not be so among you; but whoever desires to become great among you shall be your servant.

We learn servitude and humility by being shown our nakedness which through many fiery trials is bringing us to repent of our evil doings as self-righteous religious beasts.  To learn these lessons, we are being caused to fall down  which provides the Lord the occasion He always seeks to bring the chastening of the rod to teach us the right ways.

Pro 23:13  Withhold not correction from the child: for if thou beatest him with the rod, he shall not die.

Pro 23:14  Thou shalt beat him with the rod, and shalt deliver his soul from hell.

Heb 12:7  If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not?

All of God’s people will experience these lessons on the road to maturity.  Knowledge puffs up our carnal minds and we forget the many admonitions given to us.

Heb 13:5  Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.

1Ti 6:9  But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition

We now read the Chronicles version of Rehoboam’s story.  They are very similar to what we read in the Northern Kingdom (Israel) version in 1Ki 12:15–19.

2Ch 10:16  And when all Israel saw that the king would not hearken unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? and we have none inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to your tents, O Israel: and now, David, see to thine own house. So all Israel went to their tents. 

2Ch 10:17  But as for the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them. 

2Ch 10:18  Then king Rehoboam sent Hadoram (Adoram in 1Ki 12) that was over the tribute; and the children of Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. But king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem. 

2Ch 10:19  And Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day. 

 There are lessons on every side of these stories as an immature Israel in total needs work both on doctrine (heaven) and on the earth (our walk).  These divisions within ourselves or with our spiritual body are part of all things that the Lord is working for the counsel of His will (Eph 1:11).  Whatever the Lord does, it is being worked for good.

Rom 8:28  And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.

Our rebellious flesh typified by the 10 tribes’ hates having to do anything contrary to its own desires.  When the tribute (levy) master, Hadoram, is sent to bring Israel back in line he is stoned to death. Many secular “scholars” claim the name Hadoram (Adoram) which traces back to Shem (meaning renown) means self-exaltation.  A perfect fit to label one who makes demands and burdens on others in Israel that are outside the Word of God.  Even Strong’s suggests the meaning “lord of heights” for the name Adoram used in Kings.  Flesh glories in itself and is prideful.  All such spirits are being destroyed within us in due time.

1Co 1:28  And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are:

1Co 1:29  That no flesh should glory in his presence.

This inward struggle between our doctrine and our deeds has us, as Israel, doubting our inheritance.  We will be wondering if we truly are sons of God when we are caused of the Lord to do things contrary to faith and see a part of us being a cruel taskmaster to ourselves and our fellow brethren (Mat 25:45).  We all need to see this before true healing begins.

Ecc 3:18  I said in mine heart concerning the estate of the sons of men, that God might manifest them, and that they might see that they themselves are beasts. 

Psa 73:22  So foolish was I, and ignorant: I was as a beast before thee.

Stones represent hardened beliefs and in the negative (our carnality) are the very bread we eat when being led by our father, the devil, to justify our rebellion.

Mat 4:3  And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.

Stoning one with stones spiritually is injuring or killing them with our carnal lies that keep us from obeying authority or submitting to one another.  Applying this story inwardly, the Lord uses our evil for good and our carnal reasonings are used to destroy the burdensome Pharisaical mindset of Hadoram’s within us.

2Co 4:15  For all things are for your sakes, that the abundant grace might through the thanksgiving of many redound to the glory of God

Ecc 3:1  To everything there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven:

Our own flesh rebels against the oppressive yoke of an outwardly righteous mindset that focuses on making the outside of our cup clean to the carnal world.  Hence, we see good coming from the evil we are caused to do when we see ourselves as a beast and a self-righteous Pharisees.

Col 2:20  Therefore, if you died with Christ from the basic principles of the world, why, as though living in the world, do you subject yourselves to regulations—

Col 2:21  “Do not touch, do not taste, do not handle,”

Col 2:22  which all concern things which perish with the using—according to the commandments and doctrines of men?

Col 2:23  These things indeed have an appearance of wisdom in self-imposed religion, false humility, and neglect of the body, but are of no value against the indulgence of the flesh.

Israel departing and going to their own tents is going back to where we came from and separating ourselves and forsaking the assembly with the saints (Heb 10:25).  Israel, under the kingship of Jeroboam whose name means “the people will contend”, has its own issues of not wanting to submit to the king and ruler the Lord had established over Israel (Rom 13:1).  We see the fleshly motives of Israel via Jeroboam wanting to make a name for himself and to be more interested in keeping his followers versus obeying God.

1Ki 12:26  And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom (the 1o tribes he was just given) return to the house of David: 

1Ki 12:27  If this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their lord, even unto Rehoboam king of Judah, and they shall kill me, and go again to Rehoboam king of Judah. 

1Ki 12:28  Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, and said unto them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. 

1Ki 12:29  And he set the one in Bethel, and the other put he in Dan. 

1Ki 12:30  And this thing became a sin: for the people went to worship before the one, even unto Dan. 

1Ki 12:31  And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi. 

We have many warnings about such men arising from WITHIN.  We are to judge ourselves  to ensure we are not doing these things in Spirit.

Act 20:28  Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.

Act 20:29  For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock.

Act 20:30  Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.

Act 20:31  Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.

We have seen these events play out in the Body in recent years and it is good that we take heed the sound words of the Lord and remembering it’s about denying SELF vs promoting SELF.

Mat 16:24  Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me.

We should never prevent the children of God from coming to Christ and obeying the Lord’s many commandments.  Jeroboam makes the grievous error of separating himself and Israel from assembling together as one.  The whole of Israel in Spirit is the light unto this world as the Lord tells us (Mat 5:14).  It is our walking and abiding in this light that is, was and will be saving us from our sins.

1Jn 1:7  But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

This division and inner torment we endure in our divided state are the trials of faith that ultimately are bringing salvation.

Rev 14:9  And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand,

Rev 14:10  The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: 


1Pe 1:5  Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

1Pe 1:6  Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations:

Rehoboam’s first instinct is the natural response of all flesh consistent with the eye for an eye law for the lawless (Rom 2:15).  Rehoboam’s desire was to return evil for evil and go fight against those who rejected his kingship.

2Ch 11:1  And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he gathered of the house of Judah and Benjamin an hundred and fourscore (180,000) thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against Israel, that he might bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam. 

2Ch 11:2  But the word of the LORD came to Shemaiah the man of God, saying, 

2Ch 11:3  Speak unto Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all Israel in Judah and Benjamin, saying, 

2Ch 11:4  Thus saith the LORD, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren: return every man to his house: for this thing is done of me. And they obeyed the words of the LORD, and returned from going against Jeroboam. 

Vengeance is mine says the Lord, He will repay disobedience and recompense to our enemies.  Assembling 180,000 men can only be done using a 6 (flesh) or a 9 (judgment) all of which signifies that flesh and carnal vengeance was involved in this assembly of Judah’s army.  Yet the Lord stayed this error from taking place by sending a prophet (messenger) to remind Rehoboam (you and me) and confirm the sovereignty of God in all things.  Those words of life were received, and Judah backed down and obeyed the Lord.

We are never to physically resist evil nor seek vengeance for the trials and divisions the Lord is working in our life. The new law of Christ requires us to love our outward physical enemies and wait upon the Lord to convert them.

Mat 5:38  Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth:

Mat 5:39  But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also.

Mat 5:44  But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;

As our new man becomes a king in the Kingdom of God within us, we do many things right in defending the truths and treasures we have been so blessed to be given (Mat 13:10). A key theme of Rehoboam’s reign is the building of many cities and walls and strongholds for the defense of Judah.

2Ch 11:5  And Rehoboam dwelt in Jerusalem, and built cities for defence in Judah. 

2Ch 11:6  He built even Bethlehem, and Etam, and Tekoa, 

2Ch 11:7  And Bethzur, and Shoco, and Adullam, 

2Ch 11:8  And Gath, and Mareshah, and Ziph, 

2Ch 11:9  And Adoraim, and Lachish, and Azekah, 

2Ch 11:10  And Zorah, and Aijalon, and Hebron, which are in Judah and in Benjamin fenced cities. 

2Ch 11:11  And he fortified the strong holds, and put captains in them, and store of victual, and of oil and wine. 

2Ch 11:12  And in every several city he put shields and spears, and made them exceeding strong, having Judah and Benjamin on his side. 

 The fact there are 15 of these cities symbolizes the time and process of grace (the number 5) and the process of our being matured (the number 3).  The meaning of several of these cities was reviewed in the early chapters of the Micah study.  Being separated from the world is good and there are both positive and negatives of Judah and us building walls and fences to secure the cities within us.  I see both applications in the big picture application of this event and story we are living out.

In the negative application, we are building walls and fences and gates by our own hands which is the folly of trying to save ourselves by our own strength and initiative.  The only true wall is the fire of the Lord’s mighty Word that requires the coming of Christ within us as we begin to rest from our own self-righteous works.  The mature live in a land by faith and there are no walls that they built to protect themselves.

Zec 2:4  And said unto him, Run, speak to this young man, saying, Jerusalem shall be inhabited as towns without walls for the multitude of men and cattle therein:

Zec 2:5  For I, saith the LORD, will be unto her a wall of fire round about, and will be the glory in the midst of her.

Eze 38:11  And thou shalt say, I will go up to the land of unwalled villages; I will go to them that are at rest, that dwell safely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates, 

It takes faith in the Word to protect us to live without any walls and fences.  An immature Rehoboam (2Ch 13:7) living before faith was given, was wise to build walls and fences in defending the cities of Judah.  Spiritually speaking, putting a captain in charge is putting a doctrine or overarching truth down to guard and sustain our inward cities to protect us from our enemies.  Looking back for example in my immature times, I grabbed hard onto the sovereignty of God in all things and placed that in my inward cities to keep me from shrinking back into the lies of Babylon I was still striving hard to fully escape.  When tests came, these fortifications were helpful in enabling me to not judge in the flesh but to know it was the Lord doing whatever trial I was facing and act according to faith in judging righteous judgment (Joh 7:24).

In type and shadow, Rehoboam was placing the armor of God (Ephesians 6) where he thought it might be needed.  The spiritual shield of faith helps us play defense and deflect the lies of the world and our carnal mind that seek to enter into our gates.

Pro 4:23  Keep thy heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.

Rev 21:27  And there shall in no wise enter into it (THE GATE) anything that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb’s book of life.

We need defensive weapons (shields and helmets) yet we also need offensive weapons and the Lord has provided in His armor.  Spiritual swords and spears are available being the Word and Doctrines that we use to attack the inward enemies (lies and lusts) of our faith.

Deu 20:16  But of the cities of these people, which the LORD thy God doth give thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth:

A NT witness of the same.

2Co 10:3  For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh:

2Co 10:4  (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)

2Co 10:5  Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;

A watchmen’s job is to watch.  But our flesh is lazy, weak and impatient and has to be scourged to learn to stay awake and always watch and guard our gates.

Mat 26:41  Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.

Lam 4:12  The kings of the earth, and all the inhabitants of the world, would not have believed that the adversary and the enemy should have entered into the gates of Jerusalem.

When Jeroboam abandoned the commandments regarding the conduct of worship and sacrifices, all the priests and Levites left Israel and went to Judah.   This too was caused of the Lord and became a great blessing to Judah and a immature king Rehoboam.

2Ch 11:13  And the priests and the Levites that were in all Israel resorted to him out of all their coasts. 

2Ch 11:14  For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem: for Jeroboam and his sons had cast them off from executing the priest’s office unto the LORD: 

2Ch 11:15  And he ordained him priests for the high places, and for the devils, and for the calves which he had made. 

2Ch 11:16  And after them out of all the tribes of Israel such as set their hearts to seek the LORD God of Israel came to Jerusalem, to sacrifice unto the LORD God of their fathers. 

2Ch 11:17  So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon strong, three years: for three years they walked in the way of David and Solomon

Many are called, and few are chosen (Mat 22:14) to be the Lord’s kings and priests.  So, what a blessing and strengthening we get when surrounded by the able ministers of the Lord.  The  grace that saves us (Eph 2:8) is now more readily available to Judah in this story.  We will learn quicker, faster and better when we have the Lord’s priests ministering to us.

1Pe 4:10  As every man hath received the gift, even so minister the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.

The ministers of the OT were just a shadow of the true ministers that abide now in the Body of Christ having the Spirit of God.  Yet as these verses say, the kingdom of Judah was strengthened for three years during which they relatively speaking from the sum of the Word, walked in the ways of David and Solomon (the Lord’s way).  In our next study we will Lord willing look at the downfall of Rehoboam.  His downfall is our downfall and the reason his story and the story of all those kings have been written down for us to study and learn.

2Ti 3:16  All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

2Ti 3:17  That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.

Judah will be overrun by the Egyptians, which is a type and shadow of us returning to the same mud and vomit we have already been delivered from.

2Pe 2:20  For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning.