Studies

The Trespass Offering

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(Compiled from published teachings of elders)

Both the sin and the trespass offerings are primarily for “sin done in ignorance.” What this means is that our carnal mind, which we are born with, needs not be aware of the fact that “sinful flesh … and blood cannot/are not able, to inherit the kingdom of God” for the wages of sin (Rom 6:23 – death) is demanded and required of US ALL. There is a standard by which we are judged. That standard, is Christ, called here “the shekel of the sanctuary.” What this means is that we are in a hopeless condition and position. Christ, the Living Word, and “His Christ” alone save us from our condition and our debt. Christ’s Bride fills Him up, as He fills up the Father who is the Father of all spirits (Heb 12:9).

Unlike the sin offering, in the trespass offering, restitution was and is made to the object of the trespass, whether it was to God or whether it is to our neighbor. When we sin against our neighbor, we sin against God and restitution must and IS BEING made as it is for us today.

Mat 25:40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done [it] unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done [it] unto me.

We are “bought with a price and we are not our own.”

1Co 6:19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost [which is] in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?
1Co 6:20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.

1Co 7:22 For he that is called in the Lord, [being] a servant, is the Lord’s freeman: likewise also he that is called, [being] free, is Christ’s servant.
1Co 7:23 Ye are bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men [lies].

Being bought with a price is expressed as “adding a fifth thereto” in the trespass offering. The “fifth” is also connected with the number five. Five throughout Scriptures is always connected with “grace through faith.” “Adding the fifth thereto” more than restores what was lost, as in:

Rom 5:20 Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:

We know that grace is chastening when we are being disciplined (Heb 12:7) being dealt with as with sons.

Throughout this study today, we will refer to the sin offering to remind ourselves that a sin offering is for WHAT WE ARE (we are sin) and a trespass offering is for WHAT WE DO, whilst in these sinful vessels of clay. In the sin and the trespass offerings, the death of a perfect victim is required, plus in the trespass offering, restitution is being made which is not necessary in the sin offering. As we know, the OT shadows of these offerings, points us to the spiritual realities today as we are being given age abiding life.

We are dead in Trespasses and Sin to begin with:

Plainly said in the NT:

Eph 2:1 And you [hath he quickened], who were dead in trespasses and sins;

We were dead in trespasses and in sins, there is a difference between sin and trespass, we were and are not “shapen” in trespasses. We are all shapen in iniquity and conceived in sin (WE ARE SIN). This is our condition while we “are in our mother’s womb having done neither good nor evil.” We are loved less by God because we are all “in Adam …”  in Edom, in Esau, in Babylon”, before we can “come out of Babylon” and be in “Jacob, in the Israel of God, “in Christ.”

Psa 51:5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.

That is why Esau was born first and afterwards Jacob, which typifies what we live out as it is written in our books, from the first Adam BEING MADE into the last Adam.

1Co 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam [was made] a quickening spirit.
1Co 15:46 Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.

So, we ARE SIN and we COMMIT sin (trespasses).

Both Sin and Trespass Offerings are done in Ignorance:

The OT types found in the law of Moses witness to this, sin and trespass, through ignorance:

  1. Sin: Lev 4:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a soul shallsin through ignorance against any of the commandments of the LORD [concerning things] which ought not to be done, and shall do against any of them:
  2. Trespass: Lev 5:15 If a soul commit a trespass, andsin through ignorancein the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering:


The distinctive character of the Trespass Offering:

As with the sin offering, the trespass offering is not a sweet savor. Christ is understood as suffering for sins though NOT His own (2 Cor. 5:21). Restitution was and is being required. In every case of trespass however, wrong was and is done to someone; an act of evil was or is committed against either God or man. The offering to be made, not because we are evil, but because we are doing evil. The trespass committed might be blatant as in “robbery (think spiritual) or a sin of which the trespasser/us are ignorant of”. The unwitting sin is to be especially seen as “wrong in holy things”, not in cases of wrong against a neighbor. Either way, an offering was and is required to be made, the emphasis being on the act itself rather than the sinner:

Lev 5:15 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD [verse 17]; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering:
Lev 5:16 And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.
Lev 5:17 And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the LORD; though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity.
Lev 5:18 And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his ignorance wherein he erred and wist it not, and it shall be forgiven him.
Lev 5:19 It is a trespass offering: he hath certainly trespassed against the LORD.

We are not even being aware all the time that we commit “spiritual” sins for example “spiritual robbery”. We nonetheless COMMIT A TRESPASS; it was and is a “sin through ignorance.”

…. though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity.

The Standard for measuring Trespasses:

The old man in us recognizes wrong against a neighbor far more than wrong against Christ, and His Father, God, in “holy things”, therefore the unwitting trespass will not be recognized by the natural man. We claim that because we are unaware of our sin, therefore it was and is no sin to us in our carnality. We know however that we all “sin through ignorance”. But whether knowingly or unwittingly: “though he knew it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity (Lev 5:17).” We are guilty.

The standard of judgment in the trespass offering is not in our own conscience or our ability, but in the truth of the Word of God which is Christ. God always judges evil as evil wherever He see it. His judgment is not being altered by our blindness or ignorance. God has an unchanging standard, which is Christ (the shekel of the sanctuary) and in those in whom He dwells:

Lev 5:15 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering:

Neither sin nor trespass depend upon our knowledge of the sin or the trespass. God leads us to see sin and trespasses as He sees sin and trespasses. He reveals to us what is His GRACE in forgiving it. He reveals to us our NEED for that grace. Trespass is met by Christ in this offering as Christ has confessed it, endured the judgment and paid the penalty and as “His Christ” are suffering with Him TODAY. God’s standard is not something we have within us innately. Being “a law unto ourselves” (the law of the gentiles) does not mean that we are God’s law unto ourselves. The law (the law of Moses and the law of the gentiles which are the same) CONDEMNS.

Isa 53:5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities:

Gal 3:13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:

Quoted from the law of Moses. But notice of WHOM this verse is speaking:

Deu 21:22 And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree:
Deu 21:23 His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged [is] accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the LORD thy God giveth thee [for] an inheritance.

Deu 21:23 is quoted as applying to Christ in Gal 3:13. This is done only by Christ taking our sins upon Himself. It is THROUGH us, His “Body”, that Christ becomes “a man committing a sin worthy of death,” even though “He knew NO sin.” Christ stands as the “just for the unjust”, confessing our wrongs and satisfying our judgment in Himself. In this way, any verse of God’s Word dealing with sin “in Adam” becomes Christ made sin. Look at what David, typifying Christ, says:

Psa 90:11 Who knoweth the power of thine anger? even according to thy fear, [so is] thy wrath.
Psa 90:12 So teach us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom.

Christ took on Himself all the sins of the whole world. Not just for US, but for all humanity, and as He is, so are we (1 John 4:17).

1Ti 4:10 For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe.

1Jn 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.

1Co 15:3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;

Gal 1:4 Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:

1Pe 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:

In Christ, full restitution is paid in the Trespass Offering:

Besides the life laid down in the offering, the priest ordered restitution and a fifth part more to the injured party.

Lev 6:5 Or all that about which he hath sworn falsely; he shall even restore it in the principal, and shall add the fifth part more thereto, and give it unto him to whom it appertained, in the day of his trespass offering.
Lev 6:6 And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD, a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest:

In the sin offering, money is not noted. Why not? It is because the sin offering is not for what we have done either against God or our neighbor. The sin offering is for the fact that we are “marred in the Potter’s hand … shapen in iniquity, conceived in sin.” In the sin offering, the offerer was a sinner and a PERFECT victim bore the penalty. This is also true here in the trespass offering, but also the original wrong is righted in the trespass offering and more by a fifth. Why restitution plus a fifth? Restitution is required because we have committed a trespass against either God or our neighbor. Sin and trespass are not the same thing. The sin offering was and is for being sinful flesh, the trespass offering was and is for sinning while in that sinful flesh. Christ “was made sin.” He was not made trespass. Christ took on Him the seed of Abraham, sinful flesh (our sin offering):

Heb 2:14 Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil;
Heb 2:15  And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage.
Heb 2:16  For verily he took not on him the nature of angels; but he took on him the seed of Abraham[sinful flesh needing to be resisted and overcome, just like each of us].

Christ in the flesh were like us:

Heb 2:11 For both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified [Adam and “all living”] are all of one: for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren,

The Need for Restitution:

In the sin offering, justice is satisfied by the DEATH of the sinner. In the trespass offering, sins and trespasses are forgiven, but judgment must still be served. Trespasses are pardoned, but restitution and justice is still being met.

Act 13:38 Be it known unto you therefore, men [and] brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins:

Forgiveness of sins does not mean that restitution is forfeited. Forgiveness of sins does not negate the necessity for justice. Forgiveness of sins does not nullify this truth:

Gal 6:7 Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.

This is what forgiveness of sins means:

Luk 12:47 And that servant, which knew his lord’s will, and prepared not [himself], neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many [stripes].
Luk 12:48 But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few [stripes]. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.
Luk 12:49 I am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already kindled?

The wrong remains in the trespass offering until full payment of wrong is made.
God’s standard was and is used to evaluate restitution, hence the priests set the amount of the “shekels of the sanctuary” to be paid, whether God was injured by trespass in His holy things or man was and is being injured by theft or hurt (think not only physical but also spiritual), etc. In Christ, the wrongs were and are being remedied whether to man or God.

What Is the Significance Of “The Fifth Part”?

Not only is the original wrong paid, but a fifth part added to it:

Lev. 5:16 And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.

Lev. 6:5 ... he shall even restore it in the principal, and shall add the fifth part more thereto, and give it unto him to whom it appertained, in the day of his trespass offering.

After the Egyptians, had sold Joseph their cattle, their lands and their bodies to survive the famine, Joseph gave them seed but required a fifth part of the increase for Pharaoh. Only the priests [they have their reward … the mindset of Christ] escape this toll levied on the people. Within this typifies the second resurrection when we overcome and start walking out this renewed mindset …the Words that I speak to you ... John 6:63

Gen 47:26 And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt unto this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifth part; except the land of the priests only, which became not Pharaoh’s.

The importance of this extra fifth in the trespass offering testifies that what was given was and is a debt owed (we are saviors not only for our sakes but we owe our neighbor).  Thus, the injured party became a gainer. From man in Christ both God and man have received back more than they were robbed of. So “where sin abounded” we find “grace did more abound.” The more we sin, the more we are being given grace through faith.

Rom 5:20 Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:

The ultimate effect of the famine and misery of the Egyptians was to give Pharaoh a CLAIM on them he had not had before. The entrance of trespass ultimately gives the injured party, whether man or God, a claim on the trespasser that had not been enacted before. Before trespass entered, God only claimed His right, He had a right to the “holy things” (Truth) as His portion, but after trespassing, His claim increased to the original wrong plus an added fifth (grace). So, we see God’s claim on our sins to be greater than just what we owe as being sinful beings. As we are called to “walk as He walked”, we mete out higher than just what is just, and receive more being shown grace. This is the process whereby we are being saved and how we save our brothers and sisters, those who HEAR us within and without. Plainly said, we are hearers becoming doers more and more.

1Jn 2:6 He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.

1Pe 2:9 But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvelous light:
1Pe 2:10 Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.

The grades of the Trespass Offering:

There are no grades in the trespass offering. Christ is not seen either as a bullock of the herd or as the fowl. The life of a ram only is in view. It is laid down; restitution is made and a fifth part added. Though there are different aspects of the offering, trespass committed in ignorance in the holy things and trespasses committed deliberately, there is one offering. Christ has met and satisfied perfectly all that all the offerings typify.

Lev 5:15 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering:

Lev 6:2 If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD, and lie unto his neighbour in that which was delivered him to keep, or in fellowship, or in a thing taken away by violence, or hath deceived his neighbour;
Lev 6:3 Or have found that which was lost, and lieth concerning it, and sweareth falsely; in any of all these that a man doeth, sinning therein:
Lev 6:4  Then it shall be, because he hath sinned, and is guilty, that he shall restore that which he took violently away, or the thing which he hath deceitfully gotten, or that which was delivered him to keep, or the lost thing which he found,
Lev 6:5 Or all that about which he hath sworn falsely; he shall even restore it in the principal, and shall add the fifth part more thereto, [and] give it unto him to whom it appertained, in the day of his trespass offering.
Lev 6:6 And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD, a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest:

We may not see all the different aspects of the offering in an equal manner, but God who sees all, through Christ, sees it all “for us.”

Rom 4:24 But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead;
Rom 4:25 Who was delivered for [Greek – dia- through] our offences, and was raised again for [Greek – dia- through] our justification.

2Co 5:21 For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sinthat we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

Did Christ ever sin while in the flesh? No, Christ is “made sin” through us, through Adam, He “was raised again THROUGH our justification,” while we, the first Adam, are BEING made into “the last Adam… the righteousness of God in Him.” Christ fills us, and we in turn fill Him. It is pivotal and very important to understand these Scriptures:

Eph 1:18  The eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints,
Eph 1:19  And what [is] the exceeding greatness of his power to us- ward who believe, according to the working of his mighty power,
Eph 1:20 Which he wrought in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and set [him] at his own right hand in the heavenly [places],
Eph 1:21 Far above all principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come:
Eph 1:22 And hath put all [things] under his feet, and gave him [to be] the head over all [things] to the church,
Eph 1:23  Which is his body, the fulness of him that filleth all in all.

How can that which is corruptible fill that which is incorruptible? It cannot without a change:

1Co 15:42 So also [is] the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption:
1Co 15:43 It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power:
1Co 15:44 It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.
1Co 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam [was made] a quickening spirit.
1Co 15:46 Howbeit that [was] not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual.
1Co 15:47 The first man [is] of the earth, earthy: the second man [is] the Lord from heaven.
1Co 15:48 As [is] the earthy, such [are] they also that are earthy: and as [is] the heavenly, such [are] they also that are heavenly.
1Co 15:49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.
1Co 15:50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption.

Flesh and blood may not be at all unaware of what they are, but the truth remains: “flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, neither does corruption inherit incorruption”. “Though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity.”

What does this all mean for us … it means being “made over”?

Php 2:5 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus:

2Sa 24:24 And the king said unto Araunah, Nay; but I will surely buy [it] of thee at a price: neither will I offer burnt offerings unto the LORD my God of that which doth cost me nothing. So, David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver [grace through faith].

Rom 6:13 Neither yield ye your members [as] instruments of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto God, as those that are alive from the dead, and your members [as] instruments of righteousness unto God.
Rom 6:14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace

1Pe 4:1 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin;
1Pe 4:2 That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.

Summary:

To recap: We distinguish between a sin and trespass offering. Christ and “His Christ” is first a sin offering for what Christ was MADE into and for what we ARE. Christ never claim that His flesh was not “shapen in iniquity, conceived in sin”:

Mat 19:17 And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.

Christ knew fully well that He had left His position in heaven to “become sin” by “being made of a woman, [being] made under the law”. Christ was made both “of the holy spirit” and He was also “made of a woman made under the law”.

Gal 4:4 But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law,

Christ referred to Himself as “the son of man” twice as many times as He referred to Himself as “the Son of God”. Here is one example of the 85 times:

Mat 16:13 When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?

The “son of man” is the “son of Adam”, and that is who Christ identifies with just as much as He identifies with His Heavenly Father. That is why Christ is a “sin offering”. Without the agency of Christ’s “Body” however, He could not become a trespass offering because He “knew no sin”. That is why God gave Israel two separate offerings. The one is for our sinful “marred in the Potter’s hand” COMPOSITION, and the other is for our sinful ACTIONS. Christ had our composition and was “in all ways tempted like as we are, but by virtue being born of the holy spirit, and the fact that God “gave His Spirit without measure” to Christ, unlike us, He overcame every temptation and subdued the sinful desires of His flesh before “lust could conceive and bring forth” sinful actions or trespasses.

Joh 3:34 For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him.

Heb 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.

Here is how we and Christ are tempted.

Jas 1:14 But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed.
Jas 1:15 Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

Christ’s Body is YOU and ME, if He is living within us. It is Christ’s Body, His chosen Few, which is GUILTY of trespasses and conceiving lustful thoughts which “bring forth sin” in the form of acts of transgression and trespass. Christ and His Father do not think of Christ without His body. The difference between the sin and trespass offerings, is that the sin offering never refers to any sinful actions, while the trespass offering enumerates those trespasses. What this means is that neither Christ nor His Father ever saw Christ simply as the spotless Lamb which HE IS. Both Christ and His Father, from the beginning, saw mankind as being in and becoming “the Christ”, who would “fill up what is behind of the sufferings of the Christ” (Col 1:24). We are His flesh and bones.

Eph 5:30 For we are members of his body, of his flesh, and of his bones.

Christ is not flesh, and we “do not know Him after the flesh” (2Co 5:16), but He is living His life “in [our] flesh”, and in this way, He IS BEING the trespass offering.

1Jn 4:2 Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God:

Our obedience is not of ourselves. It is “Christ in US, the hope of glory” (Col 1:26-27).

We have everything to be grateful for and we are being blessed exceedingly so because we are being used in this high calling, the highest calling ever known to mankind!

Sincere comments and questions are always welcome and encouraged.  You can also email us directly at peterjwilson56@gmail.com

 

Sincere comments and questions are encouraged!