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The Two Covenants – Part 1

July 26, 2017

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The Two Covenants Part 1

(compiled from various prior elder studies and FAQs)

In this study, we are looking at the two Covenants in Scriptures and what exactly it means for us today.

Both Covenants namely the Old Covenant (Moses) and the Renewed Covenant (Christ) are likened unto the tree of good and evil and the tree of Life. Both were given by God, the Father, through Christ, and both have served, and is continuing to serve, different and separate functions in the Father’s plan and purpose through Christ and His sons.

The law of Moses was and IS today for a carnal, Christ-rejecting Israel. Yes, “the Israel of God” (Gal 6:16), those who come to know Christ, also shall be cut off (Rom 11:22) if not continuing to see that our standing in Christ brings us out from under the yoke (Act 15:10) of “bondage under the elements of the world” (Gal 4:3). These elements of the world under which we are being kept until we are being brought to Christ, are the law of Moses (Ten Commandments). Once we are brought to the real Christ, the law of the gentiles Rom 2:15 which are one and the same as the law of Moses no longer has dominion over us. This is pivotal to our understanding. All that is in the world is against Christ. If we are not in Christ, and under the law of faith we are not His. This is the law of the Gentiles and where all men are being carnally minded and abiding in death (Rom 8:6).

Rom 2:14  For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves:
Rom 2:15  Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another;) 
Rom 2:16  In the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.

The inability to distinguish between the two Covenants (Moses & Christ) keeps us from being able to differentiate between the physical Jew and the spiritual Jew. Not being able to differentiate between the old and the renewed is as vital as distinguishing Ishmael from Isaac in the OT shadow. One of them is the heir, no longer under the yoke and bondage to the elements of this world, but the one under the law is the son of the bondwoman who is not being made heir (Gal 4:21-31). Christ are not being in those under the law (Gal 4:19-21). The law of Christ (Gal 6:2) is as superior to the ten commandments and the law of the gentiles as meat is superior to milk.

Let us first look at the differences between the two Covenants, the Old Mosaic Covenant and the renewed Spiritual Covenant.  Here is a table that contrasts at least 30 distinctions with scripture witnesses as these two covenants are radically different.

 

Old Covenant

New Covenant

The Old Covenant … 2Co 3:14 the Renewed Covenant … 2Co 3:6
The First Covenant … Heb 8:7, 9:1 the Second one … Heb 8:7, 10:1-9
Comes by Moses …  Joh 1:17 comes by Christ … Heb 8:6, 9:15
Law of God in STONE … 2Co 3:3 Law of God in HEART … Heb 10:16
Law of MOSES … Act 13:38-39 Law of CHRIST … Gal 6:2
Law of FLESH … Rom 7:5-6 Law of the SPIRIT … Rom 8:2
NOT of faith … Gal 3:2 Vs. the Law of FAITH … Rom 3:27
Yoke of BONDAGE … Gal 5:1 Law of LIBERTY … Jas 1:25
Law of SIN … Rom 7:5-6 Law of RIGHTEOUSNESS Rom 9:30-31
Law of DEATH … 2Co 3:7 Law of LIFE … Gal 3:11,6:8
Christ removes the OLD … Heb 10:9 Christ enacts the NEW …Heb10:9
A SHADOW … Col 2:14-17 versus REALITY … Heb 10:1-18
Christ FULFILLS … Mat 5:17-18 COMPLETES … Heb 8:6, 10:9
Priesthood CHANGES … Heb 7:12 UNCHANGEABLE Priesthood  Heb 7:24
MANY sacrifices … Heb 9:12-13 ONE sacrifice for sin … Heb 10:12
IMPERFECT … Heb 7:19 PERFECT … Heb 7:19
Blood of ANIMALS … Heb 9:19 Blood of CHRIST … Mat 26:28
Circumcision … Exo 12:48 Uncircumcision … Rom 4:9-12
WORKS of law … Gal 3:10 NOT of works, GRACE … Eph 2:8-9
REMEMBERS sins … Heb 10:3 FORGETS sins … Heb 10:17
YEARLY atonement … Heb10:3 PERMANENT atonement … Heb 10:14
SINFUL priests … Heb 5:3 SINLESS priests … Heb 7:26
AARONIC priests … Heb7:11 MELCHISEDEC priest … Heb 5:5-10
MAN MADE tabernacle … Heb 8:5 HEAVENLY tabernacle … Heb 8:2,9:11
Out of LEVI … Heb 7:11 Out of JUDAH … Heb 7:14
WEAK, UNPROFITABLE … Heb7:18 POWER of ENDLESS LIFE … Heb. 7:16
NO inheritance … Rom 4:13 ETERNAL inheritance … Heb 9:15
Sacrifice of ANIMALS … Heb 9:13 Sacrifice of CHRIST …Heb 9:28
Purifies the FLESH … Heb 8:13 Purges the CONSCIENCE … Heb 9:14
PRODUCES wrath … Rom 4:15 SAVES from wrath … Rom 5:9
Perfects NOTHING … Heb 7:19 Perfects BELIEVERS … Heb 10:14
NO MERCY … Heb 10:28 COMPLETE MERCY … Heb 8:12
NO justification … Act 13:39 BELIEVERS justified … Act 13:39
BRINGS a curse … Gal 3:10 REDEEMS from the curse … Gal 3:13
ABOLISHED … 2Co 3:13 CONTINUES in glory … 2Co 3:11
Brings DEATH … 2Co 3:7 Brings RECONCILIATION … 2Co 5:18
ISRAEL ONLY … Deu 4:7-8, 5:3 ALL MANKIND  Mar 14:24, 2Co 5:14-19

 

Let us look at a few principals of what is being said above.

Ministration of Condemnation

Those imprisoned under the law are those to whom the law is addressed in our seasons. The law is not made for a righteous man.

1Ti 1:9 Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners.

Who are those who are under the law? It is all the world and they/we are “all… guilty before God” because the law is a ministration of death (2Co 3:7) and the ministration of condemnation (2Co 3:9). Why is that? Because the law is not at this time saving this world WITHIN and WITHOUT. Christ has no intention of saving the world. On the contrary, He is deliberately blinding the world to His Word and His Christ, within and without.

Rom 11:8 (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.

Joh 12:39 Therefore they [God’s people] could not believe, because that Esaias said again,
Joh 12:40 He [God] hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.

Reformation

Christ is a Reformer as Moses was and His reformation of the law becomes the Law of Christ for this reason:

Mat 24:34 Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled.
Mat 24:35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.

Joh 16:7 Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.

This generation is the generation reading these Words. If we read and understand Christ’s Words, we fulfill them. His Words are His Law (John 6:63).

Heb 7:12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law.

Heb 9:10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.

Rev 1:3  Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand.

Speaking to Gentile Galatians, Paul is explaining that the promises which appear to the carnal mind to be made only to Abraham and to his “one seed” Isaac, are in spiritual reality being made to Christ and those who are IN Christ. It is only they, who are that “one seed”, to whom those promises ARE actually being given.

Gal 3:26 For ye [Gentile Galatians] are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.

Gal 3:28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one [that “one seed… as Isaac was… Abraham’s seed”] in Christ Jesus.
Gal 3:29 And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.

Being baptized into Christ, are making us children of promise … Abraham’s seed.

Gal 4:28 Now we, brethren [Gentile Galatians], as Isaac was, are the children of promise

Christ tells us:

Joh 16:12 I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now

Physical Israel was told that God intended to send them a reformer like Moses. What Moses did was just as radical for that period of time as what Christ DOES is, was and will be. What was lawful before Moses IS not lawful after Moses. An example: Abraham and any of the patriarchs could build an altar and offer an offering anywhere. After Moses, that was illegal, and the offerings all had to be done through the priests at the tabernacle and the temple respectively. Moses made many changes, he was a reformer and shadows Christ, the ULTIMATE REFORMER of all times.

Deu 18:18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethrenlike unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.

From the beginning, Christ tells Eve that her desire is against her husband, but her husband will and IS ruling over her. Christ is also telling Cain that sin is at the door, but Cain will in the end rule over sin.

Gen 3:16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to [Hebrew, against] thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.

Gen 4:6 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen?
Gen 4:7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto [Hebrew, against] thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.

Rom 6:14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.

Here we have the promise of universal salvation which is still the milk of the Word. Eve’s submission to Christ, and sin’s submission to Cain, are both symbols of the deliverance of all from the rebellion against the Creator into which vanity we are being born.

Psa 51:5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.

Jer 18:4 And the vessel that he made of clay was marred in the hand of the potter: so he made it again another vessel, as seemed good to the potter to make [it].

Rom 8:20 For the creature was made subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him who hath subjected the same in hope,

The hundred and twenty people being in the upper room on Pentecost shadows the very few being chosen out of every generation since Christ, that are being saved in this life and whom the Lord is using to bring to Him the many in the next life. Within first and then without at the appointed times.

Rom 11:30 For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief:
Rom 11:31 Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy.

Christ is chastening the Pharisees for their blindness, and while it is true that we all “reap what we sow,” and give an accounting of our stewardship, it is also true that Christ does not intend for the mixed multitudes to be saved who came and come to Him. It was and is their “calling” to crucify Him, the Lord’s MO. All have to reject and kill Christ first before we can have a Savior. It is all by God’s hand and by God’s counsel. We first have the old, then we have the renewed.

Pro 16:4 The LORD hath made all things for himselfyea, even the wicked for the day of evil.

Act 4:25 Who [God] by the mouth of thy servant David hast said, Why did the heathen rage, and the people imagine vain things?
Act 4:26 The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers were gathered together against the Lord, and against his Christ.
Act 4:27 For of a truth against thy holy child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod, and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles, and the people of Israel, were gathered together,
Act 4:28 For to do whatsoever thy hand and thy counsel determined before to be done.

Here are the same Scriptures:

Psa 2:1 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing?
Psa 2:2 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed,

Christ told the men on the road to Emmaus:

Luk 24:25 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken:
Luk 24:26 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?
Luk 24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

Moses and all the prophets is all of the Scriptures. They are expounding the things concerning Christ for those whose eyes are being opened to know Him.

Luk 24:30 And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed [it], and brake, and gave to them.
Luk 24:31 And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.
Luk 24:32 And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?

No one has age abiding life that is to know Christ and His Father, without first “sitting at meat with Him” and spending time in His Word and learning from Him how to rightly divide His Word. That is how He opens the Scriptures to us.

2Ti 2:15 Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.

Eph 1:17  That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: 

At first, we walk with Christ and His Christ and do not recognize them until the time for us to “see and know” them.

Luk 24:16 But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.

We come to know that He is still here with us in the flesh of our brothers and sisters in Christ who are being faithful and obedient to His Words.

Act 22:8 And I answered, Who art thou, Lord? And he said unto me, I am Jesus of Nazareth, whom thou persecutest.

1Jn 4:2 Hereby know ye the Spirit of God: Every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God:
1Jn 4:3 And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.

Those who fail to see Christ in the least of these my brothers, do not know Christ.

Mat 25:40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.

Rom 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.

The least of these my brothers is all that are being placed in front of us. God’s sons consider all men to be their neighbors, their brothers and sons of God in time to come.

Gal 6:10 As we have therefore opportunity, let us do good unto all men, especially unto them who are of the household of faith.

1Ti 4:10 For therefore we both labour and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe.

1Jn 2:2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.

Law of the Gentiles

While we first encounter the Truth, whilst in the Body of Christ, we do not understand the Law of life, do not understand that our righteousness is to exceed that of the Pharisees. None of this is familiar to us, for the reason given in this verse of Isaiah.

Isa 3:1 For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water,

Rev 3:17 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:

 The OT Law says the exact opposite of the NT only in letter, and yet that is what it was to those who lived in OT times. When Christ says, “Leave nothing alive that breaths” that was what He physically means at that time. But when Christ COMES and OPENS our eyes to be able to compare spiritual with spiritual, what IS said of old IS changed. Now we understand that the kingdom of God is within us and “leave nothing alive that breaths” in that kingdom is WITHIN first.

1Co 2:13 Which things also we speak, not in the words which man’s wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth; comparing spiritual things with spiritual.
1Co 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned.

Christ speaks in Words which man’s wisdom are not being able to understand. There is a change also of the law, but that reformation was ordained and prophesied from the beginning by the Lord who has both dispensations planned from the beginning. He blinds mankind to what He is doing, but He Himself never changes.

Mal 3:6 For I am the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed.

Act 6:14 For we have heard him say, that this Jesus of Nazareth shall destroy this place, and shall change the customs which Moses delivered us.

It is all for this reason:

Rom 11:32 For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.

The Sabbath

If we are in Christ, we are entering into our sabbath. Anyone who keeps a weekly sabbath is testifying against himself that he is still “under the law” and still has six days in which he is doing his own works. In Christ, we do His works in everything we do, all the days of our lives.

1Co 10:31 Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.

Christ had broken the sabbath and claimed to be the Son of God, therefore they seeked to kill Him. As He is, so are we (1 John 4:17).  This is truly a pivotal verse of truth.

Joh 5:18 Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God.

Christ and His apostles “as the priests… profane the sabbath and are guiltless”.

Mat 12:5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless?
Mat 12:6 But I say unto you, That in this place is [one] greater than the temple.
Mat 12:7 But if ye had known what [this] meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless.
Mat 12:8 For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day.

Christ and His apostles broke and is breaking the sabbath and they and we are guiltless, because there is a change in the law and in the priesthood.

Heb 7:12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law.

The law of Moses is intended to be shadows of the reality. The law of Moses, is a shadow of the good things to come in and through the reformation that was “Christ’s blood in the New Testament”.

Heb 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.
Heb 10:2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.
Heb 10:3 But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.
Heb 10:4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.
Heb 10:5 Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me:
Heb 10:6 In burnt offerings and [sacrifices] for sin thou hast had no pleasure.
Heb 10:7 Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God.

Luk 22:20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup [of wine] is [symbolic of] the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

Admonition

All is done for our admonition, so that we learn from the lives of the men in the OT, that the law of Moses IS never intended to change hearts and minds and IS not sufficient to give us life. Even the law of the gentiles which is the same thing. However, the law of Moses IS a very good schoolmaster to bring us to Christ and the law of the gentiles is purging out all of the idols of our wicked hearts being exposed in our day of the Lord, in our day of judgement, that first begins with us.

Gal 3:12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.
Gal 3:13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:

All these things are “types of us”. Christ uses us, those who accept the reformations and are enduring the same trials, to bring to Christ those others to whom “all these things happened”, it is through the man child within that the rest within are being saved.

Rom 11:30 For as ye in times past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief:
Rom 11:31 Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy they also may obtain mercy.

1Co 10:6 Now these things became types of us, for us not to be lusters after evil things, (CLV)

Eph 2:1 And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins;
Eph 2:2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience:
Eph 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

Our unbelief (the law) was and IS given by Christ for the purpose of demonstrating that God Himself, is the power which is working all things after the counsel of His own Will. In the end, it is demonstrating that flesh has no glory in the kingdom of God.

Eph 1:11 In whom also we have obtained an inheritance, being predestinated according to the purpose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will:

1Co 1:27 But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty;
1Co 1:28 And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are:
1Co 1:29 That no flesh should glory in his presence.

 Summary

If we are sons of Christ, we have His Spirit in down payment form and we are under the renewed Covenant, the Law of Christ, which is the Law of God, the Father (Heb 10:16). It is the perfect Law of Christ (Gal 6:2), the Law of the Spirit (Rom 8:2), the Law of Righteousness (Rom 9:30-31), the Law of Faith (Rom 3:27), the Law of Liberty (Jas 1:25) and the Law of Life (Gal 3:11, 6:8).

 All that is not IN Christ, is against Christ. The carnal mind, being the old mindset, is part of the Lord’s strange work to making us anew. Being under the old, our breasts are full of milk, being wholly at ease in Zion (we have long left orthodoxy (Moses) but still have many idols of the hearts). Christ IS not come yet a second time without sin (Heb 9:28). We are being puffed up with knowledge. This is us, the modern-day Pharisee within. 

 Job 21:22 Shall any teach God knowledge? seeing he judgeth those that are high.

Job 21:23 One dieth in his full strength, being wholly at ease and quiet.

Job 21:24 His breasts are full of milk, and his bones are moistened with marrow.

There is also the Sadducee within us in type and shadow. Christ IS come for us a second time without sin (spiritually), in our day of the Lord, but we never eat with pleasure because of the bitterness of our souls. We do not like the wonderful work God does to the children of men and a root of bitterness defiles us, the spirit of disobedience.

 

 Job 21:25  And another dieth in the bitterness of his soul, and never eateth with pleasure.
Job 21:26  They shall lie down alike in the dust, and the worms shall cover them. 

The POWER of God, renewing our minds … making us anew, wants us to stop pointing the finger and giving thanks in all things. Making of twain one, under the renewed Covenant, the Law of Liberty.

 1Th 5:18 In everything give thanks: for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you.

Psa 107:22 And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works with rejoicing.

2Co 4:15 For all things are for your sakes, that the abundant grace might through the thanksgiving of many redound to the glory of God.

Php 4:6 Be careful for nothing; but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known unto God.

Col 2:7 Rooted and built up in him, and stablished in the faith, as ye have been taught, abounding therein with thanksgiving.

With Paul therefore, we say:

 2Co 12:10 Therefore I take pleasure in infirmities, in reproaches, in necessities, in persecutions, in distresses for Christ’s sake: for when I am weak, then am I strong.

Under the Headship of Christ, our healing comes forth and we are being renewed day by day, the Glory of the Lord our reward. The old waxes old and vanishes away.

Isa 58:8 Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine health shall spring forth speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of the LORD shall be thy reward.

Click Here to Continue to Part Two

 Click Here to see the Comprehensive Paper on the Law of Moses vs the Law of the Spirit

Sincere questions and comments are always welcome.  Feel free to email us at peterjwilson56@gmail.com with any inquiries or questions.

 

 

One Comment leave one →
  1. s p permalink
    July 28, 2017 6:47 AM

    Isaiah 37:30 And this shall be a sign unto thee, Ye shall eat this year such as groweth of itself; and the second year that which springeth of the same: and in the third year sow ye, and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruit thereof.

    Hi and thank you for the study [am still loving and working on it]

    What a blessing! Most Gratefully, Sue

    ________________________________

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